Petrarch Rectification

Rectified birth chart of Francis Petrarch. July 20, 1304 JC, 5:27:04 a.m. Ascendant 12LEO06’14”

His 1341 crowning as poet laureate and Cola Di Rienzo’s 1347 revolt are instrumental in pinpointing Petrarch’s exact birth time.

Saturn in Libra: Petrarch

Petrarch’s Saturn in Libra is exalted in the third house

Compared to Tilak’s Mars in detriment in Libra, Petrarch has Saturn exalted in Libra in the third house. A planet in exaltation has the power of dignity, esteem, and honor. During his travels in 1345, Petrarch found Cicero’s letters to Atticus, Quintus, and Brutus. This discovery is often associated with the start of humanism in……

The Tropical Zodiac

The Tropical Zodiac - The ecliptic was divided into 360 degrees with 30 degrees allotted to each of the 12 signs

The development of the zodiac around the fifth century B.C. was an important milestone in the history of astrology. The path of the Sun, the Moon, and the planets around the Earth, also known as the ecliptic, was divided into 360 degrees, with 30 degrees allotted to each of the 12 signs. The signs were……

Synodic Cycle of the Superior Planets

Synodic cycle of the superior planets - Saturn, Jupiter and Mars

The synodic cycle of the superior planets (Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn) starts at the conjunction of the planet with the Sun and being Cazimi. Jupiter is Cazimi Cazimi makes a planet very strong but it will soon move to being combust. The combust zone extends to around eight degrees and 30 minutes from the Sun.……

Essential Dignities: The School Analogy

The signs of the zodiac can be compared to schools, with each school specializing in different subjects and skills

Imagine that there are twelve schools, each with three hundred students. These schools are like the signs of the zodiac, with each school specializing in different subjects and skills. The Aries school teaches its students how to be aggressive, fight, and succeed in war. The Aquarius school teaches science and is concerned with humanity. The……

Table of Essential Dignities

Table of Essential Dignities using Egyptian bounds and Hindu decans

The signs act as homes or residences for the planets. Based on the sign and degree it occupies, a planet is bestowed with or denied certain gifts, powers, or resources. This is essential dignity, a measure of the strength or weakness of a planet. Essential dignity is one of the most important techniques in traditional……

Leonardo da Vinci’s Moon Firdaria: A Benevolent Birth

infant Jesus in The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne painting by Leonardo da Vinci

Conjunct the greater benefic Jupiter in rulership, in mutual reception with the lesser benefic Venus and free from malefic rays, Leonardo’s Piscean moon promises a benevolent childhood. Placed in the fourth whole sign house in the exalted bound of Venus/Pisces and applying to the Sun in Taurus shapes Leonardo’s childhood experiences, his connection to nature and country life and the nurturing of his scientific mind.

2022 June – Gemini season and Saturn retrograde

Sunrise on June 1, 2022. Saturn leads the morning procession followed by Jupiter, Mars, Venus, and Mercury. (Chart created via

Saturn turns retrograde early this month and Mercury turns direct. Both Mercury and Venus transiting Gemini and in a sextile aspect to the greater benefic Jupiter make this a very social month.

2022 May – Jupiter Aries ingress and a lunar eclipse

Sunrise in New York, May 5, 2022. Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, and Venus are clearly visible before sunrise. A Mercury retrograde features this month (Chart created at

Jupiter ingresses into Aries in May, setting up a generosity with Mars in Pisces that leads to the ominous May 16 total lunar eclipse along with a retrograde Mercury.

2022 April – Jupiter heliacal rising and a Solar eclipse

Sunrise in New York, 1 April 2022. Mars, Saturn and Venus are clearly visible before sunrise. Jupiter makes his helical rising this month. (chart created at

Jupiter makes his first appearance in the eastern sky in April and, with Venus also in Pisces, compassion and sensitivity are heightened this month. At the end of the month, we see the bound of Mercury/Taurus activated by the year’s first solar eclipse.